Moonie nickname For other uses of "Moonie", see Moonie disambiguation Moonie is a colloquial term sometimes used to refer to members of the Unification movement.
The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesarwho referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germaniathus distinguishing it from Gaul Francewhich he had conquered. In the Late Middle Agesthe regional dukes, princes and bishops gained power at the expense of the emperors.
Martin Luther led the Protestant Reformation against the Catholic Church afteras the northern states became Protestant, while the southern states remained as the Catholics.
The two parts of the Holy Roman Empire clashed in the Thirty Years' War —which was ruinous to the twenty million civilians living in both parts.
After the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars from —, feudalism fell away and liberalism and nationalism clashed with reaction. The German revolutions of —49 failed.
The Industrial Revolution modernized the German economy, led to the rapid growth of cities and to the emergence of the Socialist movement in Germany. Prussia, with its capital Berlingrew in power. German universities became world-class centers for science and humanities, while music and art flourished.
The new Reichstagan elected parliament, had only a limited role in the imperial government. Germany joined the other powers in colonial expansion in Africa and the Pacific.
Germany was the dominant power on the continent. Byits rapidly expanding industrial economy passed Britain's, allowing a naval race. Defeated and partly occupied, Germany was forced to pay war reparations by the Treaty of Versailles and was stripped of its colonies as well as areas given to re-established Poland and Alsace-Lorraine.
The German Revolution of —19 deposed the emperor and the various kings and princes, leading to the establishment of the Weimar Republican unstable parliamentary democracy.
In the early s, the worldwide Great Depression hit Germany hard, as unemployment soared and people lost confidence in the government. The Nazi Party then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power.
Hitler quickly established a totalitarian regime. Beginning in the late s, Nazi Germany made increasingly aggressive territorial demands, threatening war if they were not met. First came the remilitarization of the Rhineland inthe annexing of Austria in the Anschluss and parts of Czechoslovakia with the Munich Agreement in although in Hitler annexed further territory of Czechoslovakia.
Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June Racism, especially antisemitismwas a central feature of the regime. In Germany, but predominantly in the German-occupied areasthe systematic genocide program known as The Holocaust killed six million Jews, as well as five million others including German dissidents, gipsies, disabled people, Poles, Romanies, Soviets Russian and non-Russianand others.
Inthe German invasion of the Soviet Union faltered, and after the United States had entered the warBritain became the base for massive Anglo-American bombings of German cities.
Germany fought the war on multiple fronts through —, however following the Allied invasion of Normandy Junethe German Army was pushed back on all fronts until the final collapse in May Under occupation by the Allies, German territories were split up, Austria was again made a separate country, denazification took place, and the Cold War resulted in the division of the country into democratic West Germany and communist East Germany.
Millions of ethnic Germans were deported or fled from Communist areas into West Germany, which experienced rapid economic expansionand became the dominant economy in Western Europe.
West Germany was rearmed in the s under the auspices of NATObut without access to nuclear weapons.The nation state of Germany was created which was an important event in the history of the World.
The Unification of Germany created a cardinal epoch in the world history.
Performing Unification: History and Nation in German Theater after [Matt Cornish] on tranceformingnlp.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Since the moment after the fall of the Berlin Wall in , the most important German theater artists have created plays and productions about unification. Some have challenged how German history is written. On 18 January Germany became a nation for the first time in history after a nationalistic war against France masterminded by the “Iron Chancellor” Otto von Bismarck. The ceremony took place in the palace of Versailles outside Paris rather than in Berlin – and this overt symbol of militarism and conquest would foreshadow the first half of the next century as the new nation became a major power in Europe. Performing Unification: History and Nation in German Theater after [Matt Cornish] on tranceformingnlp.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Since the moment after the fall of the Berlin Wall in , the most important German theater artists have created plays and productions about tranceformingnlp.com: Matt Cornish.
In the Hall of Mirrors, a new state named Germany was inaugurated. For Higher History discover the main factors leading to German unification in , the role of Bismark, impact of local wars and the decline of Austria.
Performing Unification examines how German directors, playwrights, and theater groups including Heiner Müller, Frank Castorf, and Rimini Protokoll have represented and misrepresented the past, confronting their nation’s history and collective identity.
While scholars and critics have scrutinized unification in cinema and literature, this is the first book to focus on theater and tranceformingnlp.com: Matt Cornish.
The unification of Germany into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 January , in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles in France. Princes of the German states, excluding Austria, gathered there to proclaim William I of Prussia as German Emperor after the French capitulation in the Franco-Prussian War.
Germany's unification process after was heavily dominated by men and give priority to the "Fatherland" theme and related male issues, such as military prowess.
Nevertheless, middle class women enrolled in the Bund Deutscher Frauenvereine, the Union of . On 18 January Germany became a nation for the first time in history after a nationalistic war against France masterminded by the “Iron Chancellor” Otto von Bismarck.
The ceremony took place in the palace of Versailles outside Paris rather than in Berlin – and this overt symbol of militarism and conquest would foreshadow the [ ].