Formed in and known as the Dies Committee for Rep. The Committee soon focused on Communism, beginning with an investigation into Communists in the Federal Theatre Project in HUAC achieved its greatest fame and notoriety with its investigation into the Hollywood film industry.
You can read four articles free per month. The McCarthy era still casts a long shadow over American politics and culture. These witnesses included Army officers, writers, and movie producers.
Many of those called to testify found their careers and lives destroyed. At least one witness committed suicide and many others lost their jobs or were blacklisted. By any definition these were extraordinary times.
Hostility toward Communism was widespread in American society. This hostility was also directed at philosophical positions, such as Marxism, that were viewed as sympathetic to Communism. Leftist university professors came under special scrutiny and many were forced to leave academia. The previous decade had seen an influx of European philosophers who were fleeing fascism.
II many of these philosophers found permanent positions at prestigious American universities where they trained the next generation of American philosophers. Significantly, many were also associated with the philosophy of logical positivism. While positivism had attracted some American followers in the decade before W.
II, it solidified its position after the war as the most up-to-date, rigorous and scientifically respectable method of doing philosophy. American philosophers were attracted to its blend of logical rigor, linguistic analysis and quasi-scientific methodology.
Pragmatism was self-consciously concerned with recognizing, understanding and solving the wide range of problems facing human beings. In contrast, positivism was most closely associated with very technical problems in the philosophy of language and philosophy of science; in comparison, interest in ethics and political philosophy languished.
The range of concerns of American philosophy contracted quite severely as positivism became dominant in American philosophy departments. At the same time many older philosophers derided positivism for its remoteness from everyday life and for using a narrow range of tools to address an equally narrow range of problems.
The complaint has persisted that American philosophy remains predominately analytic, highly technical, and focused on questions which have no clear practical benefit. Recently a number of scholars have asked whether there was a connection between the political climate of the McCarthy era and the rise to prominence of positivism in American philosophy departments.
In his recent book Time in the Ditch: Press,John McCumber has highlighted the political persecution many American philosophers faced.
He argues, first of all, that philosophers were more likely to come under scrutiny than other academics: Second, many of the most prominent cases of political persecution during the McCarthy era involved philosophers. A few of these cases are worth retelling.
Herbert Phillips, a tenured philosopher at the University of Washington, was one of the first academic victims of McCarthyism. Phillips refused to cooperate with this committee and was cited with contempt. Here Phillips admitted to still being a member of the Communist Party.
The verdict of this committee was mixed: Allen, took the position that Phillips should be dismissed, and the Board of Regents agreed. When Phillips applied for jobs at other institutions he discovered that he had effectively been blacklisted and he never held an academic position again.
The case of William Parry also merits attention.
Parry had been trained as a logician earning his doctorate under Alfred North Whitehead at Harvard but was also known for his work on Marxism. He had also been a member of the Communist Party from to After his testimony the University of Buffalo conducted its own set of hearings which led to Parry being stripped of his tenure and having his salary frozen.My paper takes a look into the depths of McCarthyism and examines the causes and effects, the various acts and laws formed in response to Communist threats, and who was affected and how.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were accused of murdering a paymaster of a shoe factory and a security guard on April 15, Essay Mccarthyism and Its Effects on America Words | 7 Pages McCarthyism not only destroyed the lives and careers of many Americans but also the innocent image of .
Oct 29, · Watch video · The Army-McCarthy hearings struck many observers as a shameful moment in American politics. The Fall of Joseph McCarthy By the time the hearings were over, McCarthy had lost most of his allies.
Changing public sentiments heavily contributed to the decline of McCarthyism. Its decline may also be charted through a series of court decisions. The novel recounts the devastating effects on all concerned.
McCarthyism in America. Little, Brown. Although McCarthyism was dead by the mids, its effects lasted for decades. Above all, several messages became crystal clear to the average American: . McCarthyism and American Philosophy While the effects of McCarthyism are by now well documented, especially as they concerned the American entertainment industry, McCarthyism’s effect on American philosophy has received very little attention.
McCarthyism in America (Little, Brown & Co., ), the Federal Bureau of .