What is Health Equity?
April 05, by MPH GW Staff A frequently cited illustration shown below showing the difference between equality and equity is that of three individuals of different heights who are attempting to peer over a fence.
In order to treat them equally, they would all be given the same size box to stand on to improve their lines of sight. However, doing so wouldn't necessarily help the shortest person see as well as the tallest person.
In order to give equitable treatment, each person would need to be given a box to stand on that would enable a clear view over the fence. Angus Maguire According to the World Health Organization WHOequity is "the absence of avoidable or remediable differences among groups of people, whether those groups are defined socially, economically, demographically or geographically.
They also refer to difficulty when it comes to "inequalities that infringe on fairness and human rights norms. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC refers to health inequities and health disparities interchangeably as "types of unfair health differences closely linked with social, economic or environmental disadvantages that adversely affect groups of people.
Or, as the Race Matters Institute describes, "The route to achieving equity will not be accomplished through treating everyone equally. It will be achieved by treating everyone equitably, or justly according to their circumstances.
Inherent to this process is the promotion of diversity in teams and personnel, public health practice, research methods and other related factors. For these reasons, providing the same type and number of resources to all is not enough.
In order to reduce the health disparities gap, the underlying issues and individual needs of underserved and vulnerable populations must be effectively addressed. Equity in Action View the text-only version of this graphic.
There are many successful initiatives in communities around the United States where specific steps have been taken to make approaches to health more equitable. Attempts to achieve equity have involved identifying the individualized needs of specific populations and implementing steps to help meet those needs.
The clinic was formed by a black physician and a nurse-epidemiologist who were interested in better addressing the health needs of black men. Partnering with a black social science researcher, they conducted focus groups with black men to learn about their experiences with the health care system, and met with other black staff at the clinic.
As a result of this research, Project Brotherhood employed a number of specific strategies, including: Offering free health care, with optional appointments and evening clinic hours to make health care more accessible to black men.
Providing health seminars and courses specifically for black men. Employing a barber who received health education training to perform free haircuts and to be a health advocate for black men that the clinic staff could not reach.
Providing fatherhood classes to help black men become more effectively involved in the lives of their children. Building "a culturally competent workforce able to create a safe, respectful, male-friendly environment and to overcome mistrust in black communities toward the traditional health care system.
According to the organization, positive outcomes were achieved: By Septemberthe average grew to 27 medical visits and 35 group participants per week ….
Another organization that has made strides toward increased equity is Poder es Salud Power for Healtha partnership involving nonprofits, government organizations, local health care providers, and several community and faith-based groups.
This partnership was formed to address social determinants of health and reduce health disparities in black and Latino communities in Multnomah County, Oregon, by employing an approach to "increase social capital through durable social networks for the purpose of facilitating the achievement of community goals and health outcomes.
Community-based participatory research to support cross-cultural partnerships. Popular education, which involves mutual learning and analysis.
Providing community health workers CHWs with specialized training "in leadership, local politics, governance structure, advocacy, community organizing, popular education, and health. Building and Revitalizing an Anti-Violence Environment. Project BRAVE is a school-based intervention that builds on existing relationships among schools, community members, community-based organizations and local researchers.
In doing so, Project BRAVE supports pre-existing opportunities for students to share their experiences with violence and to take part in community change to reduce it.
The program's effectiveness was evidenced by an increase in school attendance, which is an important social determinant of community health.
Moving Forward Understanding the difference between equity and equality is a key component in the effort to reduce health disparities among vulnerable populations. The good news is that public health officials can take specific steps to help address this confusion in their own communities — including using educational resources such as the CDC's Defining and Measuring Disparities, Inequities, and Inequalities in the Healthy People Initiative and group exercises such as those suggested by JustHealthAction.To achieve health equity, we must eliminate avoidable health inequities and health disparities requiring short-and long-term actions, including: Attention to the root causes of health inequities and health disparities, specifically health determinants, a principal focus of Healthy People Creating health equity is a guiding priority and core value of APHA.
By health equity, we mean everyone has the opportunity to attain their highest level of health. Inequities are created when barriers prevent individuals and communities from accessing these conditions and reaching their full tranceformingnlp.comties differ from health disparities, which are differences in health status between.
Equality Healthcare has established a transparent pricing solution with no facility fees for our patients to receive high-quality healthcare at affordable prices. A detailed list . Dedicated to redefining the fragmented, one-size-fits-all healthcare system, Equality Health is the nations’s leading integrated healthcare delivery system focused solely on improving care delivery through the lens of culture.
Achieving health equity, eliminating disparities, and improving the health of all groups is an overarching goal for Healthy People and a top priority for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC's Healthy Communities Program supports eliminating socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health disparities as an integral part of its chronic disease prevention and health promotion efforts.
HealthEquity empowers Americans to build health savings by providing powerful tools for health savings accounts (HSAs) and other health financial services.